All Hindu people know about Ravana, Rama, Sita. Ravana is better known and remembered as the demon king who kidnapped Sita whom Rama defeated and killed, in a battle fought at Lanka and in India his decease is celebrated as Dussehra or Vijayadashami to commemorate the triumph of good over evil. But the King Ravana was much more than that according to some sagas.
Ravana is also worshipped as a God in few sects. There are several places in India and Sri Lanka where Ravana is worshiped. In Kakinada, Andhra Pradesh there is a huge Shivalinga supposedly installed by Ravana himself. Both Shivalinga and Ravana are worshiped by the fishermen community there.
Thousands of Kanyakubja Brahmins of the village Ravangram of Netaran, in the Vidisha District of Madhya Pradesh, perform daily puja (worship) in the Lord Ravana temple and offer naivedyam/bhog (a ritual of sacrifice) to the Gods.
Why Do We Celebrate Dussehra (Vijayadashami) – Short Essay
Traditionally, in India, the festival of Dussehra was always full of celebrations, where the whole society mingled to laud the victory of truth and goodness. But as foreign influences and incursions surfaced over the past two hundred years, we have forgotten our cultural inheritance.
Even now in some parts of the country Dussehara is equally vibrant, but it is being forgotten in the rest of the realm. Dussehra is not just a festival that belongs to Hindu deities but also a symbolic way to remind everyone that we need to analyze ourselves and then overcome our sins.
The Festival Of Dussehra Celebrations: Dussehra, is a cultural festival of great importance that follows the nine days of Navratri. The 9-day long festival Navratri is replete with a metaphor about conquering the evil and lewd essence, and to adore all phases of life and for the people and purposes that contribute to our happiness.
Vijayadashami – The Day of Victory: After 9 days of battle over evil and vicious thoughts, Vijayadashami is the day for celebrating the victory. This carries home the message of how being in humility and restraint from evil thoughts in our courses drives us to triumph.
Happy Dussehra Wallpapers, Greetings & WhatsApp Wishes
How to celebrate dussehra festival at home: Dress up your kids as various figures from the epic Ramayana and make them realize how good people fought by the side of Rama reciting the tales of this legendary battle between good and evil. Tell them that Dussehra is a symbolic celebration to acknowledge the triumph of the good virtues over the vicious thoughts.
Eco-friendly Dussehra celebration: Usually, the Puja Pandals are adorned with non-degradable Thermocol sheets, plastic products causing a huge volume of waste. So restrict your decoration to paper goods and other natural degradable things like bamboo.
Firecrackers that are used to make the huge effigies of Ravana emit poisonous smoke that pollutes the air. Amidst celebratory aberration, people tend to rupture firecrackers in a large scale. It is difficult to get away from them, but try to reduce the numbers.
Traditionally, eco-friendly clay was used to build the statues which were taken over by plaster of Paris (PoP), that pollutes the water and does not diffuse easily. Then these idols are painted with highly toxic paints to make them more lustrous, PoP and these chemical paints make the sculptures tough to recycle. Using clay and natural paints is the right way.
Dussehra 2017: Best quotes, SMSes, Hindi wishes to share on WhatsApp
अपने अंदर से अहंकार को निकाल कर स्वयं को हल्का करें
क्यूंकि ऊँचा वही उठता है जो हल्का होता है..
आइए इस दशहरा पर प्रण लें
खुद को बुरे विचारों और अहंकार से ऊपर उठाकर सद्विचारों का अनुसरण करने का
इतिहास गवाह रहा है
कि जब भी बुराइयों का अंधकार हुआ है
इश्वर ने सत्य के उजाले से उसका हरण किया है
सत्य में यकीन रखें, विजय अवश्य मिलेगी – Happy Vijayadashami
दशहरा सिर्फ एक पर्व नहीं यात्रा है..
असत्य से सत्य की ओर..
अंधकार से प्रकाश की ओर..
प्रभु श्री राम इस यात्रा में आपका पथ आलोकित करें!
दशहरा प्रतीक है..
परोपकार, पराक्रम, प्रेम व पुरुषार्थ का
आइए इस विजयदशमी पर संकल्प लें..
मर्यादा पुरुषोत्तम श्री राम की राह पर चलने का…
Dussehra 2017: Wishes, Images and Greetings to share on WhatsApp, Facebook
Everyday sun rises to give us a message –
‘Darkness will always be beaten by light’.
Let us follow the same natural rule and
Enjoy the festival of good over evil.
A time to revere,
The victory of good virtues over vicious thoughts
Let us imbibe the same spirit in us.
Inside each of us,
there is the seed of both good and evil.
Let us pledge to choose the right over wrong.
The line between the good and evil is penetrable
And we need to understand this difference and never fall on the wrong side of the coin.
Shocking facts about Ravana no one knows!
Here are few mind blowing facts about Ravana can amaze you with the other side of story:
- It is a well-known fact that Ravana was one of the most intelligent scholars of that time, keeping that in mind, Rama asked Lakshman to sit beside the dying Demon-brahman who shared some important lessons in statecraft and diplomacy.
- Some versions of the Ramayana say that King Ravana did not in fact have ten heads, but it appeared so because his mother gave him a necklace of nine pearls that caused an optical illusion for any observer. In another version, it is said that to please Shiva, Ravana chopped his own head into pieces, but his devotion made each piece spawn into another head.
- Ravans’s father was the famous rishi, Vishrava, who himself was a son of Prajapati Pulastya, one of Brahma’s ten ‘mind-born’ sons. So, that makes Ravana Brahma’s Great-grandson. Ravana was born to a rishi Vishrava and demon princess Kaikesi which made him partly Brahmin and partly daitya.
- Almost every Indian knows that Ravana was a great devotee of lord Shiva, but what most people don’t know is that Ravana had also composed a beautiful hymn called Shiva Tandav for lord Shiva. The hymn is very popular among Shaivites. The name ‘Ravan’ was conferred by Lord Shiva himself to his greatest devotee.
- Lanka was built by Vishwakarma and was acquired by Kubera, Ravana’s half brother. When Ravana returned from his penance, he won the complete control over Lanka from Kuber and the kingdom flourished under his rule. It is believed that even the poorest of houses had vessels made up of gold and hunger vanished from the country. The rise of Lanka speaks volumes about him being a wise and a just ruler. Ravana had not only conquered a big land with a lot of humans but also celestial and other demons that made him the almighty of asuras.
- It is believed that Ravana was powerful enough who can even interfere with planetary alignments. Epics say that during the birth of his son Meghnad, Ravan ordered the planets to stay in 11th house of the child, that would grant him immortality. But, Saturn, or Shani, refused to do so and stood in the 12th house. Ravan got so angry that it is believed that he attacked Shani Dev and even imprisoned him.
Who played Ravan in Ramanand Sagar Ramayan: Arvind Trivedi who basically hails from Gujarati cinema portrayed the role of Ravan in Ramanand Sagar’s television series Ramayan. He also appeared in other TV serials like Vikram Aur Betaal and others.
King Ravana’s Family Tree
What is the name of Ravana’s mother: Kaikesi was Ravana’s mother. Ravana’s father Vishrava abandoned his first wife Ilavida and his son Kubera to espouse Kaikesi, and fathered Ravana, Vibhishana, Kumbhakarna and a daughter, Shurpanakha from her. When Ravana ousted Kubera and crowned himself King of Lanka, a sickened Vishrava repudiated his demonic children and returned to Ilavida.
How many wives did Ravana have: As per Thai Ramayana Mural, Ravana had two wives. The Thai Emerald Buddha Temple has a monument of the demon king Ravana who sits on a throne with two of his wives. Lord Ravana was wedded to Mandodari, the daughter of the celestial architect Maya, Dhanyamalini. Some scriptures suggest he had a third wife too.
How many brothers and sisters did Ravana have: King Ravana had four brothers and two sisters. In some scriptures, Khara and Dushana are also termed as his brothers and in some epics they are termed as maternal cousins.
- Lord Kubera – The keeper of all the celestial wealth Kubera was an older half-brother of Ravana; they were born to the same father by different mothers.
- Vibhishana – A great disciple of Lord Rama and one of the most important characters in the Ramayana.
- Kumbhakarna – One of the most jovial demons in Hindu history. He was tricked into asking for eternal sleep by Lord Brahma as a boon. Ravana persuaded Lord Brahma to mitigate the power of the boon by making Kumbhakarna sleep for six months and being awake for rest six months of a year (in some versions, he is awake for one day out of the year).
- Ahiravana – Ahiravana was the son of sage Vishrava and a brother of Ravana, he was a demon with superpowers who clandestinely took away Lord Rama and his brother Lakshmana to the Patal (nether-world).
- Kumbhini – Sister of Lord Ravana and the wife of the demon Madhu, King of Mathura, she was the mother of Lavanasura (an Asura who was killed by Shatrughna, the youngest brother of Lord Ram).
- Surpanakha – She was the ultimate root of the kidnapping of Sita. She was the one who prompted her brothers to wage a war against Lord Ram.
How many sons Ravana did have:
King Ravana had seven sons from his three wives:
- Meghnaad was the eldest son of Ravana and his wife Mandodari. He was called Meghanada after his birth because his birth cry echoed like thunder. He was married to Sulochana, the chaste daughter of the King of the Serpents, Shesha Naga. Meghnaad is also known as Indrajit because he defeated Lord Indra.
- Atikaya was the younger brother of Indrajit (Meghanada) and was remarkably powerful. Once upon a time when he angered Lord Shiva atop Mount Kailasha, the god threw his Trishul at Atikaya, but Atikaya grabbed the Trishul in mid-air and folded his hands before the deity in a gentle way. Lord Shiva was gratified at seeing this and benevolently ordained Atikaya with the enigmas of archery and celestial weapons.
- Akshaya Kumara was the youngest son of King Ravana. He battled courageously with Lord Hanumana, aiming several lethal weapons at him. Lord Hanuman had to kill him, despite being profoundly fascinated by the young prince’s courage and skills.
- Devantaka was killed by Lord Hanuman during the Rama-Ravana war.
- Narantaka was in charge of a militia consisting of 720 million demons. He with his army was slain by the Bali’s son Angada.
- Trishira meshed Lord Rama in a battle and hit him with a number of arrows. At this Lord Ram told him that the arrows were nothing but like flowers being showered on his body and was eventually killed by him.
- Prahasta was Chief Commander of King Ravana’s army in Lanka.
Interesting Fact About Kumbhakarna
Was Kumbhakarna a good kind of devil: When Kumbhakarna was roused from his sleep during Rama-Ravana war, he sought to convince King Ravana to begin negotiations with Lord Ram and return Sita to him. But like Vibhishana, he too failed to correct the plans of Ravana.
Though, adhered to a brother’s responsibility, he fought on the side of King Ravana and was slain in the battleground. Before succumbing to death he met Vibhishana and commended him for following the way of uprightness.
5 Brilliant Ways to Improve Your English Speaking Skills
When it comes to learning something new, people often fall for coaching and online tutorials. If you want to improve spoken English skills and learn basic business English conversations, spoken English tutorials available on YouTube can help you initially, but listening and watching isn’t enough to improve your communication.
If you wish to speak English fluently you will have to practice it daily in real life conversations. The only way you can learn a new language is when you start speaking it. English is a language of business and professional communication in India. Many deserving candidates lose out on job opportunities because of their vernacular accent. When it comes to draft a killer e-mail or to submit the assignments in college, you can easily buy essay from online essay-writing portals, but when it comes to deliver a speech or when you have to impress your boss-to-be in an interview, you have to be fluent at spoken English.
How to Improve Spoken English skills in a month
Forget the fear: The main problem with most people who find it difficult to speak English fluently is that they lack confidence and they have a fear that they might commit mistake and will be laughed at. But unless you start practicing English communication how would you know where you are going wrong and where you need to improve?
We all make mistakes and the only way to learn is to practice and have others correct us. Start with what you know and soon you will be learning new things you never knew. Unless you start speaking a language you can never learn it.
Think in English: When talking in the English language, many of us tend to think in our native language and then translate it in mind, and make a check again while speaking out. If you think in Hindi and try speaking it after translating it in English, the process takes much time and you cannot communicate with anyone if you take too much time uttering your words.
Improve your vocabulary and word power: Improve your vocabulary to improve your communication. Set a goal to learn 5 new words everyday, then after 6 months, 150 new words will be added to your vocabulary. Any good orator uses 2500-3000 words in his common conversations, hence reaching this goal won’t take much time if you set a goal to learn something new every day.
Google avails a brilliant way to search the meaning of new words. Just type ‘define’ before the word, and it will give an instant reply suggesting its synonyms and an example on how to use it in a sentence. Apart from learning new words, also learn new phrases and slang famous on the internet like the meaning of swag, selfie, bae.
Websites like Thesaurus and Urban Dictionary can help you learning new phrases and slang. For example, if you search “meaning of Brutally Honest” then head to Urban Dictionary and find its meaning and how it is used in popular English. Another thing you need to remember is, sense of the slang doesn’t mean the same in your native language.
For example, if you use Brutally Honest in English, it simply means a candid opinion without sugar-coated words, but if you find its meaning in Hindi or Punjabi it will result something weird. So, when you search for the meaning of Brutally Honest, don’t forget to search Brutally Honest in Hindi too, same with other words and slang.
Just like this example, synonyms are also tricky. “Sink” is synonymous with “fall” but you cannot use sink to replace fall – Ashima was skating on the ice rink and then she sank in ice – makes no sense. Make a list of such new words as and when possible and try to use these words when you are communicating in English. This helps you to make your language grow rich.
Use the digital media to learn spoken English: Read English books, newspapers and magazines. If you are a movie buff, watch Hollywood movies with subtitles, old idea.. huh? Let’s add a twist and make it interesting. Watch a Bollywood Movie with English subtitles. Cool!!
The more you hear the more exposure you get to new words to add on to your vocabulary and you get more familiar with the pronunciation and ‘ intonation of different words.
Practice with other English learners: Find a friend who is also interested in improving spoken English so that you can practice together, correct each other and learn together. There are many spoken English tools available online too. Another thing you can do is to Record your own voice and listen to it. This will help you gain confidence and work on your mistakes.
By inculcating certain practices in your daily life, you will get closer to sound like a native English speaker and equip yourself with a global accent and you will not be speaking American or British English, but correct English.
Also read: Genius Yet Easy Ways To Learn English
How right sitting posture reduces Back Pain – The Healing Begins
Sitting in a wrong posture on an office chair for prolonged intervals of time can undoubtedly trigger back pain or worsen an existing problem related to back and spine. The primary reason behind this is that sitting in a wrong posture, in an office chair increases stress within the back, shoulders, arms, and legs, and particularly, can add massive strain to the back muscular tissues and spinal discs.
A lot of people suffering with severe backache resort on painkillers and physiotherapy rather than focusing on how to improve sitting posture in office chair!
A correct sitting posture on computer or any desk can reduce the back pain minimizing the undue strain over back and spine.
How correct sitting posture reduces Back Pain
When you sit in an office chair for a long interval of time, the common tendency for most of the people is to stoop over or droop down in the chair, and this kind of posture can overstretch the spinal ligaments causing needless strain on the discs, muscular tissues and surrounding structures in the spine.
Over time, wrong sitting posture in the chair can damage spinal structures and contribute to or exacerbate a backache.
An ergonomic office chair is a tool that, when used in a right way, can help one maximize support to back and maintain correct sitting posture while working on a computer.
The first step in setting up an office chair is to ascertain the required height of the individual’s desk or computer or workstation. This choice is determined primarily by the type of work to be done and by the height of the person using the office chair.
The height of the desk or workstation itself can vary greatly and will require different positioning of the office chair, or a different type of ergonomic chair altogether.
Once the workstation has been situated, then the user can adjust the office chair according to his or her physical proportions.
Here are some important tips to help make sure that the office chair and workstation are as comfortable as possible and will cause the least amount of stress to the spine:
- Elbow measure: First, begin by sitting comfortably as close as possible to your workstation so that your upper arms are parallel to your spine. Rest your hands on your work surface (e.g. Desktop, computer keyboard) If your elbows are not at 90-degree angle, adjust your office chair height either up or down.
- Thigh measure: Check that you easily slide your fingers under your thigh at leading edge of the office chair. If it is too tight, you need to prop your feet up with an adjustable footrest. If you are extraordinarily tall and there is more than a finger width between your thigh and the chair, you need to raise the desk or work surface so that you can raise the height of your office chair.
- Calf measure: With your bottom pushed against the chair back, try to pass your clenched fist between the back of your calf and the front of your office chair. If you can’t do that easily, then the office chair is too deep. You will need to adjust the backrest forward, insert a low back support (such as a lumbar support cushion, a pillow or rolled up towel), or get a new office chair.
- Low Back support: Your bottom should be pressed against the back of your chair, and there should be a cushion that causes your lower back to arch slightly so that you don’t slump forward or slouch down in the chair is as you tire over time. This low back support in the office chair is essential to minimize the load on your back. Never slump or slouch forward in the office chair, as that places extra stress on structures in the low back, and in particular, on the lumbar discs.
- Resting eye level: Close your eyes while sitting comfortably with your head facing forward. Slowly open your eyes. Your gaze should be aimed at center of your computer screen. If your computer screen is higher or lower than your gaze, you need to either raise or lower it to reduce strain on the upper spine.
- Armrest: Adjust the armrest of the office chair so that it just slightly lifts your arms at the shoulders. Use of an armrest on your office chair is important to take some of the strain off your upper spine and shoulders, and it should make you less likely to slouch forward in your chair.
Rather than resorting on painkillers and physiotherapy improve your sitting posture in office chair, a correct sitting posture can heal your back pain.
Why should you file ITR even if your income is not taxable
Many people are confused when it comes to filing tax returns when the income falls below the taxable limit or when no taxes are due. What if your income is below the taxable limit of Rs 2.5 lakh per year? Should you still file tax returns? Yes You should. The last date to file /e-file your income tax return is 31st July. Here is why should you file ITR even if your income is not taxable!
What is income tax
Annual charge levied on both earned income (wages, salaries, commission) and unearned income (dividends, interest, rents). In addition to financing a government’s operations, progressive income taxation is designed to distribute wealth more evenly in a population, and to serve as automatic fiscal stabilizer to cushion the effects of economic cycles.
What is income tax return ITR
It is the format in which all the assesses should declare their income details, tax payment details and other basic details. There are totally 8 ITR forms in India, which should be selected based on the type of incomes an assesses has.
ITR 1 – For individuals having income from salary, one house property and interest.
ITR 2 – Those who doesn’t fall under ITR 1 + For individuals and HUF who doesn’t have Business Income.
ITR 3 – For partners in firms (but doesn’t have any personal business).
ITR 4 – For individuals and HUF’s having business income.
ITR 4S – For individuals and HUF having income from presumptive business.
ITR 5 – For persons other than Individual, HUF, Company and for whom ITR 7 is not applicable.
ITR 6 – For companies other than companies claiming exemption under sec-11.
ITR 7 – For persons including companies required to furnish returns under various sub-sections of 139.
Who has to file Income Tax Return?
According to Section 139(1), every person whose total income during the previous year exceeds the maximum amount which is not chargeable to income tax has to file a tax return. During the current assessment year, any person earning exceeds Rs.2, 50,000/- is required to file Income tax return. In the Income tax act , all the incomes are divided into 5 heads as follow:
- Income from House property
- Income from Business or profession
- Capital gains (long term / short term)
- Income from salaries
- Income from other sources (those incomes which don’t belong to any of the above 4 heads)
The total of Net income from all heads is knows as gross income. After reducing the deduction from gross income is known as taxable income. ITR is filled against this taxable income.
Also Read: Why PPF Is Best Tax Saving Option
How to fill ITR online
Before you start the process, keep your bank statements, Form 16 issued by your employer and a copy of last year’s return at hand. Next, log on to www.incometaxindiaefiling.gov.in Follow these steps:
- Step 1: Register yourself on the website. Your Permanent Account Number (PAN) will be your user ID.
- Step 2: View your tax credit statement — Form 26AS — for the financial year 2015-16 . The statement will reflect the taxes deducted by your employer actually deposited with the I-T department. The TDS as per your Form 16 must tally with the figures in Form 26AS. If you file the return despite discrepancies, if any, you could get a notice from the I-T department later.
- Step 3: Under the ‘Download’ menu, click on Income Tax Return Forms and choose AY 2016-17 (for financial year 201-16 ). Download the Income Tax Return (ITR) form applicable to you. If your exempt income exceeds Rs 5,000, the appropriate form will be ITR-2 . If the applicable form is ITR-1 or ITR 4S, you can complete the process on the portal itself, by using the ‘Quick e-file ITR’ link.
- Step 4: Open the downloaded Return Preparation Software (excel utility) and complete the form by entering all the details , using your Form 16.
- Step 5: Ascertain the tax payable by clicking the ‘Calculate Tax’ tab. Pay tax (if applicable) and enter the challan details in the tax return.
Why should you file ITR even if your income is not taxable
- Loans: Having filed the ITR will help individuals, like the one in the example above, when they have to apply for a vehicle loan (two-wheeler or four-wheeler). All major banks can ask for a copy of tax returns. State Bank of India asks vehicle loan applicants for the latest salary-slip showing all deductions, TDS certificate / Form 16, copy of ITR for last two financial years. Additionally, showing a copy of ITR receipts also comes handy if your loan application is rejected or if you are not getting as much loan as you want.
- To claim refund: If you have a refund due from the Income Tax Department, you will have to file returns, without which you will have to forgo the refund.
- To carry forward losses: If you do not file returns, you will not be able to carry forward capital losses (short-term or long-term), if any, in a financial year to be adjusted against capital gains made in the subsequent years. A long-term capital loss in one year can be carried forward for eight consecutive years immediately succeeding the year in which the loss is incurred. Long-term capital loss can be adjusted only against a long-term capital gain in the year. But short-term capital loss (STCL) can be adjusted against long- as well as short-term capital gains.
- Visa processing: If you are traveling overseas, foreign consulates ask you to furnish ITR receipt of the last couple of years at the time of the visa interview. Some embassies may ask for ITR receipts of previous three years, while some others may ask for the most recent certificate. This is especially true if you plan to travel to the US, UK, Canada or Europe, not so stringent for South East Asia or Middle East.
- Buying a high life cover: Buying life cover of Rs 50 lakh or Rs 1 crore has become commonplace. However, these covers are available against your ITR documents to verify annual income. Life insurance companies, especially LIC, ask for ITR receipts these days if you opt to buy a term policy with sum insured of Rs 50 lakh or more. The sum insured one can get with a term cover depends on many factors one of which is the income of the insured. If an insured does not have a very high salary, he doesn’t need a higher insurance cover.
- Government tender: Experts say that if one plans to start their business and need to fill a government tender or two for the same, they will need to show their tax return receipts of the previous five years. This again, is to show your financial status and whether you can support the payment obligation or not.
- Importance for self employed friends: Self-employed businessmen, consultants and partners of firms do not get Form 16. Hence, ITR receipts become an even more important document for them, provided their annual income exceeds the basic exemption limit of Rs 2.50 lakh. For all sorts of financial transactions, ITR receipts will be the only proof of income and tax payment for the self-employed.
- Costs you nothing: Any individual with an annual income of more than 2.5 lakhs before allowing deduction such as 80C or 80D is mandated to file income tax returns in India. Returns can be filed either in a physical manner or electronically. If you think that you can get rid of paying taxes by not filing your returns, then you are definitely wrong. Because not filing returns will cost you more than not paying taxes.
- Safe not sorry route: Income tax department might issue a warning by sending you a notice to file your returns as soon as possible if it thinks you are jumping your taxes. And if you are found to be obligated to pay taxes, The IT department will keep adding up additional interest of 1% per month till the time you clear off your tax payments this is over and above regular interest for non-payment of taxes within time. Further, you will also be subjected to several penalties. The last date to file /e-file your income tax return is 31st July. So, if you haven’t yet filed returns yet, do it now to avoid any penalties in future.
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